By Victor Hillier, Peter Coombs
"Book 1" is aligned with the "Motor motor vehicle NVQ point 2". This paintings additionally presents the intensity and breadth of content material to help these progressing in the direction of Technical certificate. It offers extra fabric to let an entire realizing of mechanical structures. It covers the advancements of mechanical platforms, when additionally delivering an appreciation of the appropriate digital structures which are a regular a part of the technicians paintings.
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It is this increase in pressure that forces the piston down the cylinder producing the power. There has always been argument as to whether the combustion process is in fact an explosion or just a very rapid burning process, and no attempt is made to resolve that argument within this book. However, the combustion process is without question very rapid; when an engine is operating at 6000 revolutions per minute (rpm), the time taken to ignite the fuel mixture and force the piston from the top to the bottom of the cylinder is in the region of four thousandths of a second (4 milliseconds), with the main burning process only taking a small part of that time.
However, it was realised that by compressing the mixture within the cylinder, the effect would be to raise the temperature of the mixture thus making ignition and combustion much easier. The compression process is similar to pumping up a tyre with a hand or foot pump; compressing the air generates heat. In an internal-combustion engine, the fuel mixture contains a high percentage of air (which is a gas) and the compression process therefore causes the temperature of the air to increase. Adding a spark to the already hot mixture causes a small part of the mixture to ignite.
Any differences between diesel and petrol engines are identified where appropriate and later sections deal with issues specific to petrol and diesel systems. 1 shows the main parts of a reciprocating engine. 1 The main parts of an engine 1 The cylinder, in its simplest form is a circular tube, which is closed at one end. 2 The piston fits closely inside the cylinder. Ideally it would be perfectly gas-tight yet perfectly free to move up and down inside the cylinder. 3 The connecting rod connects the piston to the crankshaft.