By Jerzy Sarnecki
This e-book offers a research of co-offering kinfolk between youths lower than twenty-one suspected of felony offences in Stockholm in the course of 1991–5. In overall, the research contains simply over 22,000 participants suspected of round 29,000 offences. Jerzy Sarnecki employs the tools of community research which makes it attainable to check the binds, social bonds, interactions, differential institutions and connections which are significant to the various sociologically orientated theories at the aetiology of crime. in past times, community research has been used simply not often within the criminological context. The e-book discusses many features of Stockholm's antisocial networks similar to the lifestyles of antisocial gangs and a legal underworld, the sturdiness of antisocial family members, and the alternative of co-offenders with appreciate to intercourse, age, residential position, ethnic historical past and past antisocial event. It additionally considers the consequences of societal intervention on legal networks. This specified research will attract a large viewers.
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Additional info for Delinquent Networks: Youth Co-Offending in Stockholm
Police practises, such as focusing attention on certain known delinquent individuals or groups, intensiﬁed policing of certain parts of the city and the like, also have an impact in this connection. At the same time it is safe to assume that the vast majority of Stockholm’s most criminally active young people will have found their way into our data. Notwithstanding the reservations mentioned above, the following discussion will assume that the picture of juvenile crime presented in the data is sufﬁciently representative of the unseen portion of crime as to allow for a certain amount of generalisation from our conclusions.
The study is of an exploratory nature, analysing a number of different aspects of co-offending and the networks that are formed when youths are linked to one another on the basis of the suspicion that they have committed offences together. The study employs a number of concepts drawn from network analysis. The most important are actor, which here refers to a suspected offender, links, which arise when actors are suspected of the joint commission of offences, and networks, which are formed as actors are linked to one another on the basis of their co-offending.
The trouble is that gangs seldom satisfy these needs. Instead of ﬁnding shelter, gang members become even more exposed and vulnerable; instead of excitement, they ﬁnd themselves spending day after day on a street corner. Groups are often very loosely formed, so the need for a sense of belonging is left unsatisﬁed, and within the group the individual often ﬁnds his social status being threatened (Short 1990). It is clear that the youths who look to become gang members want to be part of a cohesive group.