By Benjamin Carter Hett
From Alexanderplatz, the bustling Berlin sq. ringed by means of bleak slums, to Moabit, website of the city's so much feared felony, loss of life within the Tiergarten illuminates the tradition of felony justice in overdue imperial Germany. In vibrant prose, Benjamin Hett examines day-by-day flow throughout the Berlin legal courts and the legal professionals, judges, jurors, thieves, pimps, and murderers who inhabited this international. Drawing on formerly untapped assets, together with courtroom files, pamphlet literature, and pulp novels, Hett examines how the legislation mirrored the wider city tradition and politics of a speedily altering urban. during this e-book, German felony legislation seems to be very varied from traditional narratives of a inflexible, static method with authoritarian continuities traceable from Bismarck to Hitler. From the homicide trial of Anna and Hermann Heinze in 1891 to the wonderful remedy of the infamous Captain of Koepenick in 1906, Hett illuminates a metamorphosis within the legal justice process that unleashed a tradition struggle fought over problems with permissiveness as opposed to self-discipline, the limits of public dialogue of crime and sexuality, and the position of gender within the courts. informed in either the legislation and heritage, Hett bargains a uniquely helpful viewpoint at the dynamic intersections of legislation and society, and offers a magnificent new view of early twentieth-century German heritage.
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Additional resources for Death in the Tiergarten: Murder and Criminal Justice in the Kaiser's Berlin
If evidence existed in documentary form—for instance, published articles in a libel trial, or a transcript of a judicial examination of a witness who had since died—then the presiding judge would read the document out loud to the court. Every time the court heard from a witness, or heard the reading of a document, the presiding judge was supposed to ask the defendant if he or she had anything to say in response. When the court had heard all the evidence, the trial moved into its last phase, that of the closing addresses (Plaidoyer).
37 The criminal division of the Local Court was called the lay-judge court (Schöffengericht). Decisions in the lay-judge court were made by a bench consisting of one professional judge and two lay judges, appointed like jurors from a list prepared by every local Gemeinde, or community. The right to be a lay judge or juror was limited to male German citizens of at least 30 years of age who had lived in their community for at least two years and who had not received public welfare payments any time in the previous three years.
42 But the situation was very different with trial decisions of the criminal chambers or the jury courts. These were appealed directly to the Imperial Supreme Court in Leipzig, and could only take the form of Revision. A Revision was an appeal only on questions of law, generally on procedural matters, in which the facts as found at trial had to be assumed to be correct. If a case made it to the Imperial Supreme Court, the chances of a successful appeal were slight but not impossible: the success rate hovered around 15 percent to 18 percent.