By Paul G. Lewis
Custodians of position offers a brand new theoretical framework that bills for the way types of towns arrive at judgements approximately residential progress and financial improvement. Lewis and Neiman surveyed officers in countless numbers of California towns of all sizes and socioeconomic features to account for alterations in neighborhood improvement regulations. This ebook indicates urban governments on the heart of the motion in shaping their destinies, often performing as far-sighted trustees in their groups. They clarify how urban governments frequently can insulate themselves for the higher from temporary political pressures and craft coverage that builds on previous progress studies and destiny imaginative and prescient. Findings additionally comprise how stipulations at the floor - neighborhood shuttle occasions, housing affordability, composition of the neighborhood hard work strength - play a tremendous position in deciding upon the procedure a urban takes towards development and land use. What different types of towns are inclined to aggressively pursue commercial or retail agencies? What kinds of towns are inclined to prefer housing over company improvement? What motivates towns to attempt to gradual residential progress? "Custodians of position" solutions those and plenty of different questions.
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Additional resources for Custodians of Place: Governing the Growth and Development of Cities (American Governance and Public Policy)
By contrast, a rapidly developing community with much land available and zoned for multifamily housing might experience more pressures for such a growth cap. Even though the 25 26 Introduction first town might actually be more “antigrowth” in its overall political sentiments and effects on the housing market than the second, the absence of growth-restrictive ordinances in the first town would result in a lower score on a growth-control index, measured this way. For these reasons, it is useful that we also have a more general “policy orientation” survey—in this case, our city manager questionnaire regarding local growth strategies.
States—under the legal doctrine known as Dillon’s Rule—ultimately still retain the legal power to dictate how cities might be formed and how they are allowed to raise revenues and elect officials. S. Constitution. 40 Thus, the American city is a curious hybrid of dependence on a higher level of government, along with real elements of self-governance, because voters select their local rulers and cities raise most of their own revenue. 41 Cities have not lost their corporate status or their quality of perpetuity.
It then assesses the local factors that are plausibly responsible for shaping such policy choices— including testing whether the future visions that officials espouse help to explain the degree and type of local efforts to develop the economy. Chapter 6 deals with cities’ housing policies, with special attention given to local efforts to restrict, shape, or manage residential growth. We are especially interested in discovering whether the prevailing notion of California city governments as being the province of finicky antigrowth snobs holds up under close scrutiny and whether the increasing debates throughout the nation regarding local residential development controls can be informed by the California experience.