By Marjorie Mayo
Cultures, groups, Identities explores quite a lot of cultural concepts to advertise participation and empowerment in either First and 3rd global settings. This booklet begins by means of examining modern debates on cultures, groups, and identities, within the context of globalization. This units the framework for the dialogue of cultural options to wrestle social exclusion and to advertise group participation in transformative agendas for neighborhood monetary and social improvement. the ultimate bankruptcy makes a speciality of using cultural concepts and new applied sciences throughout nationwide obstacles, on the worldwide point.
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Extra info for Cultures, Communities, Identities: Cultural Strategies for Participation and Empowerment
These arguments are particularly important to address, because they raise such fundamental issues, not only for those concerned with theory, but also for those concerned with practice, in such fields as community and youth work, community and social education and community media. If the concept of hegemony does actually imply that the less powerful are simply duped, victims of false consciousness, then how, if at all, does such a concept relate to progressive approaches to professional practice?
The point to emphasise here is simply this – that the economic, political and social context underwent major changes in the latter part of the twentieth century, and so did the nature of debates on ideology, culture and cultural strategies and struggles. These debates have taken on renewed significance, whether they are approached from a Right or a Left perspective. Cultural debates could be seen, for example, as representing a substitute for political debates, in a world in which traditional divisions between left and right were fast disappearing and free-market economics were no longer to be challenged.
As Stacey commented, back in 1969, ‘It is doubtful whether the concept “community” refers to a useful abstraction’ at all (Stacey, 1969, p. 134). Historians, anthropologists and sociologists have used the term in so many different ways, drawing upon competing theoretical perspectives. In the entry on 36 Communities, Identities and Social Movements 37 ‘community’, in his collection of ‘Keywords’, Raymond Williams identified only one common thread in these competing definitions, that community tended to be used as a ‘warmly persuasive word’ (Williams, 1976).