By M. Younes
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Said, M. 1988. Organic geochemical study in Meleiha area, Western Desert, Egypt. 190-212. Tissot, B. AAPG Bulletin, v. 58, p. 499-506. Van Krevelen, D. W. 1961. Coal. New York, Elsevier Science, pp. 514. , Allard, A. and Abdel-Razek, M. 2001. Alamein basin hydrocarbon expulsion models, Proceeding of the 5th Conference on Geochemistry, V. II, pp. 293-302. Waples, D. W. 1994. Modeling of sedimentary basins and petroleum systems. In Magoon, L. B. and Dow, W. G. , 1994, The petroleum system from source to trap: AAPG Memoir 60, pp.
Metal components of crude oil constitute serious problem to petroleum refining by causing corrosion or poisoning the cracking catalysts which reduces efficiency (Tiratsoo, 1973; William and Robert, 1967; Lewis and Sani, 1981). Trace metals such as arsenic (AS) decreases hydrogenation and isomerisation activity of catalysts, acting as permanent poison (Hettinger et al, 1955). Gas and coke formation in crack stock is enhanced by copper (Cu) which promotes low gasoline production. Iron (fe) poisons catalysts and accelerates oxidation, which may result in unstable products (Milner, 1963, Ming and Bott 1956, Karchmer and Gunn 1952), Nickel deposits contaminate cracking catalysts more than any common metal leading to low gasoline yield.
G. , 1994, The petroleum system from source to trap: AAPG Memoir 60, pp. 93-117. Peters, K. E. and Fowler, M. G. 2002, Application of petroleum geochemistry to exploration and reservoir management. Organic Geochemistry, v. 33, pp. 5-36. Shahin, A. N. and Lebbudy, M. M. 2002. Geohistory analysis, mapping of source beds, timming of hydrocarbon generated and undiscovered reserves in East Abu Gharadig Basin, Western Desert, Egypt. AAPG International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition, Cairo. Accepted Abstract.