By Ian Marsh
This new textual content will inspire scholars to increase a deeper realizing of the context and the present workings of the felony justice approach.
Part One bargains a transparent, obtainable and entire overview of the key philosophical goals and sociological theories of punishment, the background of justice and punishment and the constructing viewpoint of victimology partly , the focal point is at the major parts of the modern legal justice approach -- together with the police, the courts and judiciary, prisons and neighborhood consequences.
The lively engagement of scholars with the fabric lined distinguishes this article from others within the zone and makes it a true educating source and necessary textual content.
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Additional resources for Criminal Justice: An Introduction to Philosophies, Theories and Practice
To return to Durkheim’s analysis of punishment. The existence of social morality and social solidarity makes punishment inevitable and necessary, in that it reaffirms and strengthens the moral and social bonds. Of course, punishment is not the only process that does this; religion, education and family life all help to strengthen the collective conscience and to promote social cohesion. However, formal punishment is given a special place in Durkheim’s analysis. So far, we have considered Durkheim’s general approach to punishment and its role without relating it to particular societies and the notion of social change.
Why do they? In what ways can punishment express this moral condemnation and repugnance? ) In introducing Durkheim’s work on punishment we have focused on the arguments and points he made in his first major work, The Division of Labour in Society. Durkheim elaborated on his theory of punishment in an article published some years later, ‘The Two Laws of Penal Evolution’ (1984 (1901) ). In this article he developed his argument that punishments become less repressive in modern compared to traditional societies, and built this into his ‘two laws’.
25 history and theories of crime and punishment It’s an eye-for-an-eye mentality that betrays how, beneath the civilised arguments of defence and prosecution, an Old Testament heart beats within the body of British justice. It’s an attitude betrayed by the hysterical headlines every time the debate about Myra Hindley’s release resurfaces; and by the row over the freeing of James Bulger’s murderers, when threats to the boys’ lives prompted police to move them and their families, and issue them with new identities.