Download Competitiveness and Growth in Brazilian Cities: Local by Ming Zhang PDF

By Ming Zhang

ISBN-10: 0821381571

ISBN-13: 9780821381571

The ebook contributes to answering the questions raised by means of mayors, governors, and federal executive officers in Brazil: What can towns do to enhance monetary functionality and create jobs? The query is approached via a overview of theories and coverage techniques for urban competitiveness, initial benchmarking of Brazilian towns, and case reports of 2 city parts in Northeast Brazil the Cariri sector, Cear?? and S??o Lu?­s, Maranh??o. The publication concludes that to develop into and remain aggressive, towns have to try to minimize the price of doing enterprise by way of enhancing providers, infrastructure, and decreasing bureaucracies. yet for a middle-income nation like Brazil, which has to be economically aggressive in a globalized surroundings, this isn't enough. towns additionally have to attempt so as to add worth to neighborhood companies. a very important a part of the tactic may be to create and maintain an atmosphere that stimulates neighborhood corporations to innovate and research from one another, to nurture and facilitate the production of synergies generated by way of the presence of interconnected fiscal clusters within the urban, and to supply incentives for all neighborhood avid gamers to always improve the extent of competitiveness to develop into higher and the simplest. in regards to neighborhood coverage activities, this e-book highlights the cluster method of competitiveness, with its specialize in facilitating inner most area collaborations for collective potency organizing and facilitating inner most and public associations to reach at a typical cluster imaginative and prescient; making a choice on possibilities for development and collaboration; selling joint activities equivalent to co-information, co-learning, co-marketing, and co-purchasing; and together construction fiscal foundations akin to R&D capacities, infrastructure, talents upgrading, and public inner most quarter aid associations. This publication has supplied many examples of activities that could be undertaken on the neighborhood point, however it additionally emphasizes the severe value for towns to pursue a special approach according to their comparative and aggressive merits.

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Once the most important port in the British Empire, Liverpool has been in virtually continuous decline since the 1930s, hemorrhaging population as a consequence. Between the census years of 1931 and 2001, its population fell by almost half from 846,000 to 435,000. The above examples provide an important lesson. Part of the reason why cities such as Detroit and Liverpool have lost competitive advantage, and slid down from their respective national hierarchies of cities, is that, for a variety of reasons, they have been unable to reinvent themselves in the face of long-term adverse economic shocks.

It provides the means by which a city can take full advantage of globalization’s benefits, while simultaneously minimizing the associated risks. Competitive advantage is logically distinct from comparative advantage (Porter 1998, p. 78). While the latter is a static concept linked to the existence (or lack) of natural endowments, the former is a dynamic concept associated with both the continual economic and social upgrading of a city and its ongoing reinvention to deal with adverse economic shocks and the associated decline of old industries.

A vision and strategy for the footwear cluster is presented in chapter 4. The case study on São Luís, the capital city of the state of Maranhão, presents a situation where the cluster organization process is in its early stages. The case study was written as a result of the initial cluster mobilization process led by the municipal government (with support from the authors). While the chapter’s economic structural analysis helps identify the key strengths, weaknesses, and the main economic clusters in the city, 18 Executive Summary the chapter focuses specifically on two clusters—the port-industrial and tourism clusters.

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