By Peter Liddel
Peter Liddel deals a clean method of the outdated challenge of the character of person liberty in historical Athens. He attracts generally on oratorical and epigraphical proof from the past due fourth century BC to examine the ways that rules approximately liberty have been reconciled with rules approximately legal responsibility, and examines how this reconciliation was once negotiated, played, and awarded within the Athenian law-courts, meeting, and during the inscriptional mode of e-book. utilizing smooth political idea as a springboard, Liddel argues that the traditional Athenians held liberty to encompass the large tasks (political, monetary, and armed forces) of citizenship.
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Extra info for Civic Obligation and Individual Liberty in Ancient Athens (Oxford Classical Monographs)
46 Rawls on Liberty, Duty, and Obligation propositions of A Theory of Justice, and the rest of the work is dedicated to elucidating and justifying the well-ordered society in terms of liberty, justice, rationality, and moral psychology. Rawls is most interested in justice on the level of the basic structure of society, the way in which major social institutions allocate basic rights and duties and distribute the division of advantages from social cooperation. Just institutions function according to publicized rules so that those engaged in them know what limitations on conduct there are and what kinds of action are permissible and which are forbidden.
127 To Kant’s solution to the problem of liberty and obligation, Green therefore added another solution: to uphold popular freedom, it is necessary that a suﬃcient number of people fulﬁl their obligations. The congruity of liberty and obligations is a constitutive part of liberal political thought: in the nineteenth century a utilitarian liberal philosophy emerged bearing the notion that the presence of duties or obligations which contributed to the total happiness in society was more valuable than the utility of the organic liberty upon which coercion or sanction impacts.
SEG xxviii. 240) Philocrates son of Phrynichos of Acharnai When you set foot for freedom Fate deprived you of life. Philocrates . . (IG II2 5847) These individuals are presented as having died on behalf of eleutheria, which is portrayed as the ultimate aim of battle. In the context of late fourth-century history, these clearly refer to the Athenian struggle against the Macedonian threat. But what is notable here, and indeed central to the line of argument to be pursued, is that through their supererogatory performance of military obligations, these citizens have contributed to the liberty of the Athenians: the formula emerges that liberty is sustained by the performance of obligations.