By National Research Council (U. S.)
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Extra info for Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response
In the past decade, Congress has passed three major laws aimed at preventing the acquisition and use of chemical or biological weapons by states, groups, or individuals. The Biological Weapons Act of 1989 makes it a federal crime knowingly to develop, manufacture, transfer, or possess any biological agent, toxin, or delivery system for use as a weapon. L. 101-298). L. 102-82). The Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 expanded the government's powers under CBWCA to cover individuals or groups who attempt or even threaten to develop or use a biological weapon.
This difference, even more than differences in the physiology and psychology of civilian and military targets, influenced the committee to emphasize treatment over prevention, broad-spectrum drugs, detection with familiar or multiagent equipment if possible, laboratory diagnostics based on commercial technology, decontamination without agent-specific equipment or solutions, modification of familiar or multipurpose protective clothing and equipment, and even the advisability of pre-hospital treatment.
Water, food, and transportation). • Customizable simulation software to provide interactive training for all personnel involved in management of chemical or biological terrorism incidents. • Information on the chemical, physical, and toxicological properties of the chemical and biological agents, in order to improve modeling of their environmental transport and fate and to better support recommendations on decontamination and reoccupation of affected property. Page 13 Conclusions The recommendations listed above and the R&D needs associated with them are the true conclusions of the study.