By Stephen Samuel Smith
Explores political and academic facets of Charlotte's nationally praised institution desegregation efforts.
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Extra resources for Boom for Whom?: Education, Desegregation, and Development in Charlotte
Moreover, the CEOs of both banks have taken a personal, frequently intense interest in many aspects of local politics, including education, even as the banks have grown dramatically. Despite their business rivalry, on civic and political matters the two CEOs have generally seen eye to eye. As Ed Crutchﬁeld, First Union’s CEO from 1984 to 2000, remarked, “On business, we do compete, but that is only true in business . . ”71 Despite the general agreement on political matters between McColl and Crutchﬁeld, the business elite has not always acted cohesively on educational issues, and such divisions have at times played an important role in local education politics.
Based on this discussion of the asymmetric transfer 22 Boom for Whom? of civic capacity, the chapter also considers the extent to which education can be improved for black children absent the regulation and coercion of institutional elites that, as this Introduction has noted, is a hallmark of opportunity expansion regimes. The chapter also discusses ways of developing civic capacity despite intense conﬂict over CMS’ continued commitment to desegregation, and it ends with some brief comments about the Stone-Imbroscio debate.
It sees politics not just as necessary for removing obstacles but as playing a crucial role in securing the community involvement without which, a voluminous body of literature now recognizes, meaningful change in education policy and practice cannot take place. According to this second perspective, the ability, say, of a superintendent to negotiate with key players is as important as an understanding of curriculum issues. The concept of civic 14 Boom for Whom? capacity, as Stone explicates it, draws on the second approach but goes considerably farther by emphasizing that community involvement must be institutionalized for major changes in policy and practice to be effected and sustained.