Download Biotechnology and Agricultural Development Transgenic by Rob Tripp PDF

By Rob Tripp

ISBN-10: 0415499631

ISBN-13: 9780415499637

ISBN-10: 0415543843

ISBN-13: 9780415543842

This booklet addresses the continued controversy over the capability impression of genetically converted (GM) plants in constructing nations. Supporters of the know-how declare it deals the best hopes for expanding agricultural construction and decreasing rural poverty, whereas rivals see it as an untested intervention that may deliver company keep an eye on of peasant farming. The booklet examines the problems by means of reviewing the adventure of GM, insect-resistant cotton, the main generally grown GM crop in constructing international locations.

The e-book starts off with an creation to agricultural biotechnology, a short exam of the historical past of cotton construction know-how (and the associations required to help that technology), and an intensive evaluate of the literature at the agronomic functionality of GM cotton. It then offers a overview of the industrial and institutional results of GM cotton through the first decade of its use. The middle of the ebook is 4 nation case experiences in accordance with unique fieldwork within the significant constructing nations growing to be GM cotton (China, India, South Africa and Colombia). The publication concludes with a precis of the adventure so far and implications for the way forward for GM vegetation in constructing countries.

This evaluation demanding situations those that have estimated technological failure via describing circumstances during which GM cotton has confirmed important and has been enthusiastically taken up through smallholders. however it additionally demanding situations those that declare that biotechnology can take the lead in agricultural improvement by means of interpreting the precarious institutional foundation on which those hopes relaxation in so much international locations. The research indicates how biotechnology’s strength contribution to agricultural improvement has to be visible as part of (and usually secondary to) extra basic coverage swap. The booklet will be of curiosity to a large viewers thinking about agricultural improvement. this could contain lecturers within the social and agricultural sciences, donor businesses and NGOs.

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Additional resources for Biotechnology and Agricultural Development Transgenic Cotton, Rural Institutions and Resource-poor Farmers

Example text

This has been an issue debated at least since the Green Revolution, when modern varieties replaced a large number of traditional varieties, and a single variety could take the place of several landraces found in dispersed localities. There is the fear that popular transgenic varieties could do the same thing. However, the relationship between the adoption of modern varieties and diversity loss is far from straightforward. A study by Brush (1992) showed no general pattern of varietal instability with the introduction of modern varieties of potato, wheat and rice in the centres of origin of those crops.

African green beans are a long way from transgenic crops, but the example illustrates the importance of seeing regulatory regimes in the broadest 14 Robert Tripp possible context and emphasizes that any society or group chooses what it wishes to identify as risks (Douglas and Wildavsky 1983). Regulation We have seen that transgenic crops share many of the types of risks presented by conventional agricultural technology. This is not to say that they are equivalent, but rather that the regulation of biotechnology needs to be seen in a broader institutional environment.

Thus the fear that transgenic crops may cause the extinction of wild relatives is in principal little different from the challenge of protecting wild species from conventional crop varieties. On the other hand, a transgene could confer certain properties favouring the new hybrid. One of the principal concerns is the creation of ‘superweeds’ resistant to specific herbicides. This is indeed a possibility and such selection pressure is already in evidence from the use of herbicides, even with conventional crop varieties.

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