Download Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties by Khalid Rehman Hakeem PDF

By Khalid Rehman Hakeem

ISBN-10: 331907640X

ISBN-13: 9783319076409

ISBN-10: 3319076418

ISBN-13: 9783319076416

Biomass got from agricultural residues or woodland can be utilized to provide various fabrics and bioenergy required in a contemporary society. in comparison to different assets on hand, biomass is without doubt one of the most typical and common assets on the earth. hence, biomass has the capability to supply a renewable power resource, either in the neighborhood and throughout huge components of the realm. it really is predicted that the entire funding within the biomass quarter among 2008 and 2021 will succeed in the massive sum of $104 billion. shortly bioenergy is crucial renewable strength choice and should stay so the close to and medium-term destiny. formerly a number of international locations attempt to discover the usage of biomass in bioenergy and composite region. Biomass has the aptitude to turn into the world’s greatest and such a lot sustainable power resource and should be greatly famous. Bioenergy is predicated on assets that may be applied on a sustainable foundation everywhere in the global and will therefore function a good choice for the availability of strength prone. additionally, the advantages gathered transcend strength provision, growing detailed possibilities for local improvement. the current e-book will offer an up to date account of non-wood, woodland residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and effort plants including processing, houses and its functions to make sure biomass usage and reuse. All elements of biomass and bioenergy and their houses and purposes might be seriously re-examined. The booklet contains 3 sections, providing Non wooden and wooded area items from forestry, arboriculture actions or from wooden processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and eventually strength plants: excessive yield plants and grasses grown specially for strength production.

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Extra resources for Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties

Sample text

M. AL-Oqla et al. 5 Physical and chemical treatments methods for cellulosic natural fibers Physical treatments Chemical treatments Alkaline treatment Liquid ammonia treatment Silanization Graft copolymerization Esterification Acrylation and maleic anhydride treatment and treatment with isocyanates Physical treatments processes change the fiber’s structural and surface properties; thereby influence the mechanical bonding with the matrix. Such treatments involve surface fibrillation, electric discharge (corona, cold plasma), etc.

The reduction of tensile modulus in bamboo glass fiber reinforced poly propylene hybrid composites is two times more than reduction of tensile modulus in bamboo fiber reinforced poly propylene composites after 1,200 h of aging in water (Thwe and Liao 2002b). Tensile modulus of poly propylene based bamboo composites which use steam exploded fibers increases to about 30 %, due to well impregnation and reduction in void numbers (Okubo et al. 2004). The tensile modulus improves significantly with the addition of silane coupling agent Si69 in bamboo fibers (Ismail et al.

7 Linear Density................................................................................................... 8 Moisture Absorption ......................................................................................... 9 Specific Gravity ................................................................................................ 10 Specific Strength ............................................................................................... 11 Tensile Load ......................................................................................................

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