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By Soheil Muhsin Afnan

This booklet is an try and current to the final reader the lifestyles and works of Avicenna, or Ibn Sina, who's past doubt the main provocative determine within the historical past of inspiration within the East. it isn't a defence of him and his process, nor a critique of his philosophy. in the course of his lifetime he was once intentionally scornful of defenders and critics alike; he couldn't imagine best of them now thousand years have passed by. along with his place amply justified, and after that prolonged interval whilst his identify held on the lips of physicians and philosophers from the borders of China to the cloisters of mediaeval Paris and Oxford, it kind of feels most sensible to enable him communicate for himself. it's been emphasised that the issues he used to be faced with resulted from the conflicting disciplines of 2 separate cultures introduced head to head. he's for this reason of greater than historic curiosity. His angle will be of steerage to these within the East who're assembly the problem of Western civilization; and to these within the West who've but to discover a foundation on which to harmonize clinical with religious values.

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Philosophy and philosophy, a part of religiori;~ahd religion is true, but it is in no way a part of philosophy. . One is concerned primarily with inspiration . and the other with the search for truth. One says "I was . . ordained, and taught, and told, and do not say anything from my own self"; and the other says"! " One says "the light of intelligence is what I seek guidance from"; and the other says "I have the light of the Creator of creatures, by its illumination I walk. . " '3 These statements appear in an account of a discussion between Tawhidi and his master over a collection of some fifty-two semireligion; and to philosophy he .

They asked him them in their discussions on philosophy, geometry and Indian arithmetic; but he does not say if he ever responded to the invitation. He was sent to a certain grocer who was in the habit of using that form of calculation to learn Indian arithmetic; same time he was studying Muslim jurisprudence by and himself, visiting an old ascetic from whom he learnt the methods of religious argumentation. Presently a man by the name of Nateli, professing a knowledge of philosophy, came to and at the Bukhara.

The Spiritual Physick of Rhodes, trans. A. J. Arberry. 4 Fihrist Cf. QazvTni: Abu Sulaimdn Manfiqi SidjistanL y p. 241. 3 . , edit. Kraus. 35 AVICENNA philosophical questions to him 'by the hundred/ Practically all of his works have perished. We know that he was the author of a compilation of biographical notes 1 on Greek philosophers; and extracts some from have survived in a this work later that provides useful information. 2 we exclude Razi as primarily a physician, Sajistani may be considered the most distinguished thinker between Farabi and If Avicenna.

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