By Steven McMullen (auth.)
This booklet explores the industrial associations that make sure the character of animal lives as systematically exploited items traded in a industry economic climate. It examines human roles and selection within the approach, together with the commercial common sense of agriculture, experimentation, and animal possession, and analyses the marginalization of moral motion within the fiscal system.
Animals and the Economy demonstrates that particular shoppers and farmers are frequently left with few actually animal-friendly offerings. moral individuals within the economic system needs to both face down an array of institutional boundaries, or go out mainstream markets totally. This booklet argues that those concerns usually are not worthwhile parts of a marketplace procedure, and evaluates a few coverage adjustments which may enhance the lives of animals within the context of a marketplace economy.
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Extra resources for Animals and the Economy
These can be known through revealed preference studies, biology, and advances in ethological knowledge. This particular problem is a larger one for proanimal policy and will discussed in detail in Chap. 8. A second difficulty that arises from thinking about animals as agents is the question of the relative worth of animal vs. human preferences. In the extreme, this would even require comparing animal and human lives, which cannot be done without making choices based on a particular, and inevitably contentious, standard.
Less trade often does mean less wealth and less efficient production. That such an argument can be made truthfully and yet completely ignore the interests of the animals involved points to a problem at the heart of the criteria used to justify economic policy. In fact, the truth of King’s argument points to the most significant problem faced by animal activists today. The pragmatic logic of economics cannot be dismissed as an unhelpful academic language. This logic does a good job describing the forces and incentives of the actual economy.
Moreover, the methods used to achieve outcomes are of secondary concern. In public policy analysis, outcomes are neatly categorized into “costs” and “benefits” and measured in dollars to facilitate comparison of different types of impacts. This approach to policy analysis is powerful and useful because 32 Animals and the Economy most difficult policy decisions involve choices between different hard-tocompare worthwhile ends. But those goals that are not widely accepted, not easily valued in market terms, or simply not material in nature, are easily forgotten.