By Linda Schmittroth, Mary Kay Rosteck, Stacy A. McConnell
Profiles sixty women and men who have been key gamers at the British or American facet of the yankee Revolution, from John Adams, who grew to become the second one president, to Eliza Wilkinson, who wrote of the day British infantrymen looted her South Carolina domestic.
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He said that Parliament, England’s law-making body, had no right to tax Americans because the colonists had no representation in Parliament. Massachusetts’s law-making body then adopted the Massachusetts Circular Letter, an appeal for the colonies to oppose all new taxes. Copies were sent to all the colonies. A wave of sometimes-violent protests soon broke out throughout the land, especially in Boston. British officials in America demanded that England send troops to help keep the peace. In the summer of 1768, redcoats (British soldiers, who wore red uniform coats) arrived in Boston.
Smith, Page. John Adams. New York: Doubleday, 1962. ” Portrait: Samuel Adams. Reproduced courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration. 20 S amuel Adams was a leading organizer of the independence movement in Massachusetts and the other American colonies that culminated in the Revolutionary War and the creation of the United States of America. Though he was an outstanding writer, speaker, and planner, he kept himself so far in the background that historians have found it difficult to determine the total scope of his contributions to the birth of the nation.
New Englanders, who had experienced the worst of the British actions, spoke of the growing threat of the British army. Some southerners spoke in favor of remaining loyal to England. ” In June 1775 the Continental Congress created the Continental army. Headquartered at Cambridge, Massachusetts, the army swelled to more than 16,000 soldiers. At the Second Continental Congress Adams rose and nominated George Washington (see entry) to serve as head of the new army. The tall, quiet man had served as a colonel in the Virginia militia, an army made up of citizens rather than professional soldiers.