By Theodor W. Adorno
This vintage e-book through Theodor W. Adorno anticipates a number of the issues that experience on the grounds that turn into universal in modern philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the top of epistemology. It additionally foreshadows some of the key principles that have been built by means of Adorno in his most vital philosophical works, together with Negative Dialectics.
Against Epistemology is predicated on a manuscript Adorno initially wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 in the course of his first years in exile and for this reason remodeled in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The textual content used to be written as a critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, however the critique of phenomenology is used because the celebration for a much wider critique of epistemology. Adorno defined this as a ‘metacritique’ which blends jointly the research of Husserl’s phenomenology because the such a lot complicated example of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions inner to Husserl’s notion. the result's a strong textual content which is still essentially the most devastating opinions of Husserl’s paintings ever written and which heralded a number of the rules that experience turn into ordinary in modern philosophy.
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Extra info for Against Epistemology: A Metacritique
In their view we have to try to disentangle and understand various religious "intentionalities" of the phenomenon. To do so, we have to envisage it within its concrete historical ramifications; in any attempt to separate from the phenomenon an "essential nucleus" assumed to be recurrent in any historical situation, its equally "essential" ramifications would be cut off or distorted. The validity of grasping the religious phenomenon through essential structures to be distilled from recurrent religious events is thus challenged on account of this neglect of the specificity of the entire situation within which it surges and takes shape while emphasis is put on the concrete, unrepeatable "intentionalities" that are projected in each case within the context of a unique historical situation.
By no means! We shall try to show that spontaneous aspirations and the yearning to surpass on-going existence initiate the life of the so-called spiritual dimension of the "soul" in the human psyche. If it is sustained by constant effort, the life of this sphere of the soul can be carried on in three stages. " Radical examination constitutes the first movement of the Soul. The soul liberates the dynamism of its fundamental yearning and passes MAN'S FINITUDE xxxv beyond the anonymity of empirical, on-going life.
Indeed, without throwing open the frames of the rigidly rational structure of the classical phenomenological method, and allowing it to set sail on the sea of pure and simple unconstituted intuitions, these two domains of human functioning, the creative and the spiritual, remain closed and inaccessible. However, the principle of all principles not only vindicates the intellectual legitimacy of studying the spiritual life, the principle can actually reclaim absolute evidence from lived experience par excellence.