Download A framework to guide selection of chemical alternatives by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Committee on the Design and Evaluation of Safer Chemical Substitutions: A Framework to Inform Governme

ISBN-10: 030931013X

ISBN-13: 9780309310130

ISBN-10: 0309310148

ISBN-13: 9780309310147

Traditionally, laws governing chemical use have usually fascinated by normal chemical compounds and acute human health and wellbeing results of publicity to them, in addition to their power to reason melanoma and different adversarial health and wellbeing results. As clinical wisdom has extended there was an elevated understanding of the mechanisms in which chemical substances could exert destructive results on human overall healthiness, in addition to their results on other  Read more...

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Extra resources for A framework to guide selection of chemical alternatives

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The committee also considered existing alternatives assessment frameworks and tools. Rather than conduct a systematic review of the literature, the committee took advantage of several recently published reviews. For example, several frameworks and tools were identified in the Organisation for Economic Development (OECD) report, Current Landscape of Alternatives Assessment Practice: A Meta-Review (OECD 2013a). In this report, the OECD’s Ad Hoc Group on Substitution of Harmful Chemicals compiled extensive information on frameworks, methods, and tools that can be used for assessing alternatives to chemicals of concern (OECD 2013a).

2006); TURI 2006a; UNEP 2009; REACH (ECHA 2011); UCLA MCDA (Malloy et al. 2011); German Guide (Reihlen et al. 2011); BizNGO (Rossi et al. 2012); CA SCP (CA DTSC 2013a); IC2 2013; DfE (EPA 2014c)] identified in Chapter 2 to determine whether they included the elements identified in the committee’s statement of task. Most of the frameworks included some, but not all, elements in the task statement. Thus, the committee viewed its role as developing a framework that captures common elements of the frameworks, which reflect more than 20 years of experience in this field, while ensuring that its framework included all the elements identified in the task statement.

Chapter 10 presents a more complete discussion of this step. STEP 9: OPTIONAL ASSESSMENTS At a minimum, Steps 1-8 of the framework shown in Figure 3-1 should be considered in each assessment. At this stage, the committee’s framework includes several optional assessments, identified in the bullets listed above. Whether or not a particular assessment is within the scope and capability is determined during the scoping and problem formulation stage and is also influenced by the outcome of preceding steps.

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